Juror's Guide

Your Jury Service

Welcome to jury service. Your job as a juror is to listen to all the evidence presented at trial, then decide the facts, which is to decide what really happened.The judge’s job is to decide the law, which is to make decisions on legal issues that come up during the trial.All must do their job well if our system of trial by jury is to work.

You do not need special knowledge or ability to do your job.It is enough that you keep an open mind, use common sense, concentrate on the evidence presented, and be fair and honest in your deliberations.

Serve Without Influence or Prejudice

Don’t be influenced by sympathy or prejudice.It is vital that you be impartial with regard to all testimony and ideas presented at the trial. We hope you find your experience as a juror interesting and satisfying and we thank you for your willingness to serve.

 How You Were Chosen

First, your name was selected at random from voter registration and driver’s license and “identicard” records. Then, your answers to the juror questionnaire were evaluated to make sure you were eligible for jury service.

To be eligible, you must be at least 18 years of age, a citizen of the United States, a resident of the county in which you are to serve as a juror, and you must be able to communicate in English.If you have ever been convicted of a felony, you must have had your civil rights restored.Those eligible may be excused from jury service if they have illnesses that would interfere with their ability to do a good job, would suffer great hardship if required to serve, or are unable to serve for other legitimate reasons.

In short, you were chosen because you are eligible and able to serve.You are now part of the jury pool, which is a group of citizens from which trial juries are chosen.

What Comes Next

In the courtroom, your judge will tell you about the case and then introduce the lawyers and others who are involved in it.You will also take an oath, in which you will promise to answer all questions truthfully.

After you’re sworn in, the judge and the lawyers will question you and other members of the panel to find out if you have any knowledge about the case, personal interest in it, or feelings that might make it hard for you to be impartial.This questioning process is called voir dire, which means, “to speak the truth.” Though some of the questions may seem personal, you should answer them completely and honestly. If you are uncomfortable answering them, tell the judge and he/she may ask them privately.

Remember that questions are not asked to embarrass you.They are intended to make sure members of the jury have no opinions or past experiences that might prevent them from making an impartial decision.

Length Of Service

How many days and hours you work as a juror depends on the jury selection system in your county.The judge may vary daily working hours to accommodate witnesses who have special travel or schedule problems.

You may be struck by how much waiting you have to do.For example, you may have to wait before you are placed on a jury.During trial, you may have to wait in the jury room while the judge and the lawyers settle questions of law. Judges and other courtroom personnel will do everything they can to minimize the waiting both before and during trial.Your understanding is appreciated.

Going Home During The Trial

You are usually able to go home at the end of each day.But, in extremely rare cases, you may be “sequestered” during the trial or during jury deliberations.This is done to assure that jurors don’t hear or see something about the case that wasn’t mentioned in court.

Settling Out Of Court

Sometimes parties in a case settle their differences only moments before the trial is scheduled to begin.In such instances, you will be excused from the remainder of your service with the thanks of the court.

Appropriate Attire

Dress comfortably.Suits, ties, and other, more formal wear are not necessary.But don’t get too informal and keep in mind that beachwear, shorts, halter, or tank tops are not appropriate in court.Hats may not be allowed unless worn for religious purposes.

 ADA Compliance

Judges and employees of Washington courts are committed to making jury service accessible to everyone.Though some courthouses are outdated and do not meet modern, American Disability Act standards, attempts to accommodate all jurors will be made. Remember that if you have a hearing, sight, or mobility problem, ask a member of the court staff for help.

 Your Job And Your Service

Washington law says employers, “shall provide an employee with sufficient leave of absence from employment when that employee is summoned” for jury duty.It also says employers, “shall not deprive an employee of employment or threaten, coerce, or harass an employee or deny an employee promotional opportunities” for serving as a juror.It does not say your employer has to pay you while you serve.

Emergencies During Jury Service

Because your absence could delay a trial, it is important that you report each day you are required to. If a real emergency occurs, such as a sudden illness, accident, or death in the family, tell the court staff immediately so that the trial can be scheduled around you.

Types of Cases

Jury cases are either criminal or civil:

  • Civil Cases
    Civil cases are disputes between private citizens, corporations, governments, government agencies, or other organizations.Usually, the party that brings the suit is asking for money damages for some alleged wrong that has been done.For example, a homeowner may sue a contractor for failure to fix a leaky roof.People who have been injured may sue the person or company they feel is responsible for the injury.
    The party that brings the suit is called the plaintiff; the one being sued is called the defendant.There may be a number of plaintiffs or defendants in the same case.
  • Criminal Cases
    A criminal case is brought by the state, or a city or county, against one or more persons accused of committing a crime.In these cases, the state, city, or county is the plaintiff; the accused person is the defendant.The defendant is informed of the charge or charges called a complaint or information.

Common Events During Trial

Events in a trial usually happen in a particular order, though the judge may change the order.Here’s the usual order of events:

  1. Selection of the jury
  2. Opening statements
  3. Presentation of evidence
  4. Jury instructions
  5. Closing arguments
  6. Jury deliberations
  7. Announcement of the verdict